2.1: Socio-Environment / Climate Change (CC)

2.1.1. International Projects Implemented

2.1.1 (a): Environment Management

Climate change is a serious threat to global food security, sustainable development and poverty eradication. In the domain of food security, Environment, climate change and its impact on environment as well as production can be studied by professionals.

ECCS professionals have a hands-on expertise to work for the preparation of Social/Environment part of the project feasibility reports, project proposals (especially PC-1) and many other documents for multi-donors (WB, ADB, USAID, JICA, GTZ, etc.) in Natural Resources Management and Livestock Management projects.

Environment, Ecology and NRM are the supportive disciplines to make true the concept of food security system in the Asiatic Region. We have hands-on expertise to work for them by preparing Social/Environment part of the project feasibility reports, project proposals (especially PC-1), EOI, detail designing and many other documents for multi-donors (viz. WB, ADB, USAID, JICA, GTZ, etc.) especially in the sectors of water resources, power generation and highway construction. By going through this process, we own the skills to implement/due diligence of Environment Impact Assessment (EIA); Initial Environment Examination (IEE); Environment Change Management (ECM); Health, Safety & Environment (HSE) system; Environment Management Plans (EMP), etc. Other essential elements of Environmental/ Ecological/Social studies are assessment of Climate Change (CC), food security/abundance; formulation of sustainable conservation strategies (CS); understanding Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), Carbon Credits; and measurement of forest Carbon capturing & storage along with other greenhouse gases (GHG).

Since construction of mega projects mostly demands the preparation and implementation of Resettlement Action Plans (RAP) of the project affected persons (PAP), hence we have gone through this Project Planning & Social Development process many more times under the direct guidelines and monitoring of major donor agencies like WB, etc. by working with their Panel of Expert (POE), social/ environmental auditors and independent reviewers. Understanding of WB and ADB social safeguard policies including involuntary resettlement, indigenous people, etc. is an additional benefit which we learnt through process. While working with Agriculture Production & Rural Development projects, our professionals got opportunity to work with multidisciplinary teams and worked directly with Poverty Alleviation Techniques including Self-Help & Micro-crediting; Resource Planning & Management; Institutional Development (ID); Planning, Appraisal, Monitoring & Evaluation (PAME) and social analysis through Log-frame & SWOT analysis, and Technical & Financial analysis through various techniques including the determination of Internal Rate of Return (IRR), etc. It may not be important to mention that Quality Assurance (QA) of environment/social safeguard documents, Audit and Baseline Survey reports is part and parcel of the aforesaid whole process.

2.1.1 (b): Environmental Assessment

Our core competence is the assessment of environmental impacts during pre-construction, construction operation and decommissioning stages of the development project(s), by proposing cost effective and doable mitigation measures as well as devising environmental management and monitoring plans according to international standards and guidelines, mainly derived from the IFCs.

Baseline Data Collection against Environmental Pollution

Survey and studies of physical resources like geology, topography, meteorology faulting and seismology, ecological resources like marine ecology, flora, fauna, endangered species, features of the land use, transportation and allied socio-economic conditions, take employment, education and the related social amenities.

Social/Ecological Investigations

Professionals of our team investigate the environmental and social factors in environmentally and socially sensitive areas, e.g., watercourse, wetland, active dunes, arid lands, forest areas, terrestrial and aquatic ecological areas, national parks and other sensitive hotspots.

2.1.1 (c): Forests

2.1.1 (d): Food Security

2.1.2. National Projects

2.1.2 (a): Climate Change

Environmental and Social Studies

ECCS Company is working for development, planning and preservation of social and environmental issues of the area, country and region where different environmental and economic development projects are in operation. It focuses on environment protection, social settings, food security as well as other agro-ecological and socioeconomic disciplines. Recently Company has shown a remarkable progress in terms of development of social and environmental studies i.e. Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA), Initial Environmental Examination (IEE), Food Security Assessments, and has also acted as Third Party Validation Expert Company for various engineering and poverty alleviation projects.

For all the projects carried out from the ECCS Platform, there is always an Environmental focus which includes the IEE, ESIA, Environmental Monitoring, Environmental Assessments, HSE Audits, Environmental M&E, CDM and Technical Due Diligence etc.,

2.1.2 (b) Clean Development Mechanism (CDM)

Clean Development Mechanism is comparatively new and complex discipline where ECCS fortunately has an experience in terms of providing financial and social services to the pilot project of 100MW Solar Power Generation Project to Government of the Punjab situated in Cholistan, Bahawalpur.

2.1.2 (b) Clean Development Mechanism (CDM)

Main services offered by ECCS in various disciplines are:

  • Training and Awareness of CDM/ Carbon Credits
  • Project Identification
  • Project Concept Document
  • Project Design Document
  • Verification and Registration of CDM Projects
  • Carbon Trading

2.1.2 (c) Forestry and Ecological Conservation

To ensure social safe guards in new projects resettlement plans (RP) are produced which ensure that all affected people are duly compensated for their proprietary, occupational and opportunity losses.

After implementation of RPs the affected people are left in a better state than their pre-project condition. The ultimate objective of RP is poverty alleviation amongst the people affected by a project.


ECCS is providing services for conducting socio-environmental assessment of afforestation in Punjab. The company is being indulged in establishment of Urban Forest at three different locations of Lahore.

The company is going through the vast experience of biodiversity parks, wildlife & terrestrial ecology as well as aquatic ecology in various parts of Pakistan. Margalla National Park, Muree Biodiversity Park, Kirthar National Park, Manchar Lake Biodiversity, Hunza Lake Biodiversity, Aquatic and Terrestrial Ecology of River Indus and Pattan Valley, Ecological Management Plan For Watershed Communities of Mastuj River, Chitral / Kunhar River Ecology are major projects handled by ECCS.

Policy makers and conservationists describe the importance of Biodiversity through ecosystems i.e. the environment or habitats created by many species interacting, and the efforts made to conserve ecosystems multitude of issues relating to ecosystem services and ecosystem management, as well as its pure sense of species diversity. ECCS has adequate capability to carry out Biodiversity and Biodiversity Risk Assessment studies.

  • Biodiversity Parks
  • Wildlife / Terrestrial Ecology
  • Aquatic Ecology
2.1.3 (d) Water Resources Development

Water resources development for rural and urban locales, sanitation and health education, water resources management for natural habitation, monitoring surface and groundwater pollution, water quality tests, identification of environmental impacts for suitable ground and surface water resources and regeneration and rehabilitation of the well-fields.

Barrages / Canals

Mainly reservoirs, barrages and canals are the major water resource development structures in this respect.

2.1.2 (e) Energy Generation

  • Hydropower Generation
  • Coal Power Generation
  • Solar Power Generation
  • Wind Power Generation
  • Biogas Power Generation
  • Waste to Energy Generation

Above mentioned are the basic domains of Energy Generation projects handled by ECCS professionals. The company is providing power solutions based on alternate energy resources i.e. hydropower, Solar Energy and Wind Power, Coal Power Generation, Waste to Energy (Biogas), etc. Major landmark projects at the credit of ECCS professionals are Quaid-e-Azam Solar Park, Bahawalpur, Coal Power generation station at Pind Dadan Khan, Exploration of Coal Mining at Salt Range, and Biogas Plant erection at Lahore.

2.1.2 (f) Forestry / National Parks

Reduction Emission through Deforestation and Degradation (REDD)

Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation and the role of conservation, sustainable management of forests and enhancement of forest carbon stocks by ECCS professionals has been done, with the objective of mitigating climate change through reducing net emissions of greenhouse gases through enhanced forest management.

Reserve Forests

The ECCS professionals have done many environment assessments and biodiversity working different regions of the country notably Murree and Quetta.

National Parks

ECCS team has work done in domain of national parks that are reserved of natural or semi-natural land, declared or owned by a government, set aside for human recreation and enjoyment, animal and environmental protection and restricted from most development. ECCS has expertise and capability to undertake RPs and facilitating its implementation. The Company is working on the innovative concept of Urban Forests.

2.1.2 (g) Urban Development

ECCS professionals are also involved in urban planning and development techniques such as: predicting population growth, zoning, geographic mapping and analysis, analyzing park space, surveying the water supply, identifying transportation patterns, recognizing food supply demands, allocating healthcare and social services, and analyzing the impact of land use. They also engaged in environmental engineering planning, designing, construction, operation and maintenance and also conduct an EIA of various engineering Projects to give mitigation options.

Hazardous and Organic Solid Waste Management System

ECCS is providing services for conducting socio-environmental assessment of Solid Waste Management (SWM) systems. Solid Waste (SW) generation and management concern many cities. Several implications, mainly resource-consumption, socio-economic and environmental-sustainability, arise. So in this regard socio-economic and environmental impact assessments are major elements of SWM system.

Urban Master Planning

ECCS caters for the urban and city master planning and provides strong backstopping to the government planning process. Major components of master planning deals with housing schemes, water supplied, waste management, urban planning, regularization of old industrial lots into planned industrial estates, traffic studies and management and eco-friendly urban forests. All of these categories have been mentioned earlier under various titles.

Solid and Liquid Waste

The Company system is based on rapid growing wastewater engineering projects dedicated to the field of environmental management with professionally qualified and experienced team of engineers.  The company undertakes consultancy of total Environmental Management and Implement turnkey project consisting of design, engineering, construction, manufacturing, installation and troubleshooting of all types of water/ waste treatment system and air pollution control system.

Housing Schemes

Housing is a fundamental requirement of all human beings and it is a basic objective of society to attempt to satisfy this need. With the ever-growing population the need of large number of housing schemes is at peak. ECCS has provided with plethora of Environmental Assessment Reports as well as initial Assessment Reports. Urban development is one of the major aims of the company. The most notable projects are Five EIAs of Multistorey apartments at different sectors of Islamabad, Initial Environmental Assessment of Sanjwal Model Town (Housing) etc.

2.1.2 (h) Industrial Growth / Special Economic Zone Planning

ECCS helped in flourishing bilateral international private industrial sector under CPEC through environmental approvals, economic studies and master planning for special economic zones (SEZs). This exercise not only provided a strong professional backstopping to the private investors but also shouldered the implementation of governmental policy guidelines.

2.1.2. (i) Drainage / Liquid Waste Management System

Drainage and liquid waste management system is under observation of ECCS professionals. They went through various studies in these respects i.e., Establishment of Sewage Water Treatment System at Industrial Area, Chunian etc.

2.1.2 (j): Mining & Minerals

2.1.2 (k): Rural Development / Poverty Alleviation

Rural Roads

ECCS has been involved in various programs of rural development particularly in underdeveloped areas of the country. The professionals from ECCS have worked in Baluchistan rural support program.

  • Community Services / Development / CBOs formation
  • Control Sheds / Poultry Farms / Protein Farms

ECCS provides the following expert services in environmental sciences and engineering planning and management.

WASH (adjust under Rural Development)

Displaced Communities / Resettlement (adjust under Social Development)

  • Social Amenities
  • Rural Financing / Small Loans
  • Pak-Germen Technical Cooperation (GTZ), Lahore
  • Replication of Idara-e-Kisan

2.1.2 (k): Rural Development / Poverty Alleviation

2.1.2 (m): Project Management